Of the several generations of Lubomirskis who ruled Lancut, the first and the
last of them were the ones who left the greatest mark on the castle's appearance.
By a strange coincidence they were both named Stanislaw. The first Stanislaw
(1583-1649) made Lancut into a fortress. His son Jerzy Sebastian (1616-1667)
received King Jan Kazimierz here in January 1656.
He was a fervent supporter of the king at that time, and one of the leaders of
the confederation against the Swedish invaders.
This did not prevent him from conspiring with enemies of the king a few years
later, which ended in civil war and the battle of Matwy in 1666. It is worth
mentioning another of the line of Lancut lords, Stanislaw Herakliusz
(1642-1702), a poet, prose writer and playwright, who wrote in Polish, Latin and
Italian and was privy to the mysteries of astrology and cabala.
In 1745 the other Stanislaw (1719-1783) took over the castle. Eight years later
he married Elzbieta Anna Teofila Czartoryska (1736-1816). Their tenure was a
true Golden Age for Lancut, not only because they completely reconstructed the
palace and adorned it with splendid works of art, but also because they
redoubled the cultural and social activities of the Lubomirski family. Three
times a week there were castle concerts by a chamber ensemble of five, led by a
student of Joseph Haydn, conductor Peter Haensel. Among the works they performed
were pieces by the Lubomirskis' court composer, Marcello Bernardini. The palace
stage was enlivened just as often. Here the pre-premier of Jan Potocki's Parade
took place. The theater inventory of 1805 lists, besides numerous decorations,
the many guests who visited Lancut were a large number of fugitives from
France who found refuge here after the Great Revolution. Among them were
Marie Antoinette's confessor, Bishop Louis Hector Honore de Sabran, Louis
Comte de Provence (later King Louis XVIII), Louis Antoine Duc de Bourbon
and his wife Marie Therese, Queen Carolina of Sicily and the writer Germaine
de Stael. Tadeusz Kosciuszko was an invited guest at Lancut Castle in